AIS (Automatic Identification System) was introduced by the UN's International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to increase the safety of ships and the environment, and to improve traffic monitoring and maritime traffic services.
The Norwegian Coastal Administration established AIS Norway in 2005, which today consists of approximately 50 base stations that receive information about all ships over 300 gross tons in international traffic.
AIS Norway registers three types of information:
- Dynamic (position, course, speed)
- Static (identity, vessel type, dimensions)
- Details on the sailing (destination, estimated time of arrival, cargo, draught)
AIS range is limited by VHF range, which is determined primarily by the height of the antenna. AIS Norway covers, with some exceptions, the area from the Norwegian baseline to 40-60 nautical miles from the coast.
AIS is an important tool in the national preparedness against marine accidents and acute pollution along the coast.
The Norwegian Coastal Administration administers AIS Norway and is responsible for distributing AIS data to other governmental agencies. The Rescue Coordination Centres, the Coast Guard and the police are some of the users of AIS data.
AIS data received by AIS Norway is stored over several years, making it a valuable tool for mapping transport patterns and trends in relation to transport planning and analysis in the maritime sector.
- The Norwegian Coastal Administration's land-based AIS network consists of AIS base stations at around 50 locations along the Norwegian coast.
- The AIS network is one of the measures presented in the "Government's Plan of Action for Increased Safety and Emergency Preparedness along the Coast" in 2001 in order to improve the monitoring of ship traffic. The Norwegian Parliament allocated NOK 40 million to this project over the period from 2002 to 2004.
- The AIS messages are collected by the network and made available to the different governmental agencies. The network also contains databases for the storage of AIS data for several years.
Maritime Safety Analysis 2015
The NCA elaborated the report Maritime Safety in Norwegian Waters 2015 - 2040. The analysis was given to The Norwegain Department of Transport and Communications. It is an important basis for further work on maritime safety, both nationally and internationally.
The pubication serves as a fundament for decisionmaking on future martime safety in Norwegain waters, and on how to prioritize and scale activites and measures to meet future maritime traffic and new technologies.
Increased oil spill preparedness in ice-filled waters
The Norwegian Coastal Administration has signed a contract for the delivery of more resilient oil containment booms for use in ice-filled waters.
Our emergency resources and action safeguarded the environment
On the 22nd of February a vessel came close to running aground at Jæren. There was a great risk of acute pollution of a vulnerable natural area.
Tide Carrier: Government operation concluded
The Norwegian Coastal Administration declared the follow-up of the disabled vessel Tide Carrier near Feistein in Jæren to be a government operation from 16:18 on Wednesday 22 February.
What happens when an oil tanker and a chemical tanker collide in Skagerrak?
The detailed planning of the largest emergency exercise ever held in Norway has started. Last week all the participating countries and organizations met in Horten, Norway, for an initial planning conference.
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